The adult dependent relative (ADR) visa route is for relatives and family members in particular parents of British Citizens and settled persons who are in need of long term personal care care due to their age, illness and disability and their caring needs can only be met by their family members in the UK.

Entry Clearance For Adult Dependent Relative Visa UK

You can apply for entry clearance for adult dependent relative (ADR) visa if you are in need of long term personal care due to your age, illness or disability and you cannot perform any of your day to day tasks on your own without the help of somone else and further that there is no one else in the country of residence of the applicant to provide the required reasonable care. The refusal rate for entry clearance application for adult dependent relative (ADR) visa is quite high becuase the threshold to succeed in the application is not easy to achieve. As a result of successful entry clearance application, the applicant will be granted Indefinite Leave to Enter (ILE).

You must apply for adult dependant relative visa from outside the UK as you cannot switch into this route from inside the UK. You’ll need the British citizen or settled person who will be looking after you (also called your ‘sponsor’) to complete a sponsor form and sign it to confirm they will support you.

However, outside the immigration rules, it is possible to submit a discretionary leave application from inside the UK if you are physically, emotionally and financially dependent on your settled relative or family member in the UK.

Eligibility Requirements For Entry Clearance For Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) Visa

The applicant should meet the following requirements for the grant of Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa:

  • Applicant outside the UK: The applicant must be outside the UK at the time of submission of entry clearance application for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa;
  • Valid application: The applicant must have made a valid application for entry clearance as an adult dependent relative;
  • Suitability requirement: The applicant must not fall for refusal under any of the grounds in Section S-EC: Suitability for entry clearance;
  • Relationship requirement: The applicant must be the-
    • parent aged 18 years or over;
    • grandparent;
    • brother or sister aged 18 years or over; or
    • son or daughter aged 18 years or over of a person (“the sponsor”) who is in the UK. If the applicant is the sponsor’s parent or grandparent they must not be in a subsisting relationship with a partner unless that partner is also the sponsor’s parent or grandparent and is applying for entry clearance at the same time as the applicant.
  • Sponsor's requirement: The sponsor must at the date of application be-
    • aged 18 years or over; and
    • a British Citizen in the UK; or
    • present and settled in the UK; or
    • in the UK with refugee leave or humanitarian protection; or
    • in the UK with limited leave under Appendix EU, in accordance with paragraph GEN.1.3.(d)
  • Need for long term-personal care: The applicant or, if the applicant and their partner are the sponsor’s parents or grandparents, the applicant’s partner, must as a result of age, illness or disability require long-term personal care to perform everyday tasks.
  • Unable to obtain the required care: The applicant or, if the applicant and their partner are the sponsor’s parents or grandparents, the applicant’s partner, must be unable, even with the practical and financial help of the sponsor, to obtain the required level of care in the country where they are living, because-
    • it is not available and there is no person in that country who can reasonably provide it; or
    • it is not affordable.
  • Maintenance and accommodation requirement: The applicant must provide evidence that they can be adequately maintained, accommodated and cared for in the UK by the sponsor without recourse to public funds.
  • Sponsor's undertaking: If the applicant’s sponsor is a British Citizen or settled in the UK, the applicant must provide an undertaking signed by the sponsor confirming that the applicant will have no recourse to public funds, and that the sponsor will be responsible for their maintenance, accommodation and care, for a period of 5 years from the date the applicant enters the UK if they are granted indefinite leave to enter.

Adult dependent relative of a British citizen or a person present and settled in the UK

If all of the requirements of the rules are met, Indefinite Leave to Enter (ILE) will be granted.

Adult dependent relative of a person in the UK with refugee leave or humanitarian protection

If the applicant meets the requirements for entry clearance as an adult dependent relative and the sponsor has limited leave, the applicant will be granted limited leave to enter of a duration which will expire at the same time as the sponsor’s limited leave, and subject to a condition of no recourse to public funds.

This means that after a grant of entry clearance in this route the same suitability criteria and eligibility criteria that the adult dependent relative of a sponsor with refugee leave or humanitarian protection met at entry clearance must be met for a further grant of limited leave in this route.

Discretionary Leave To Remain (DLR) From Inside The UK

The elderly dependent parents and other relatives of a British Citizen or settled persons can submit human rights application for Discretionary Leave to Remain (DLR) outside the Immigration Rules if they can establish that they are dependent on their UK sponsor beyond normal emotional ties and further that requiring them to leave the UK will be disproportionate interference in their private and family life.

Dependency Beyond Normal Emotional Ties

The UK courts have held that there is family life established between eldelry parents and dependent relatives if they are dependent on their British or settled sponsor beyond normal emotional ties. As there is no specific provision within Appendix FM to the Immigration Rules for an in-country application by elderly dependent parents or relatives, such application can only be made outside the Immigration Rules based on family life established between the applicants and their sponsor. Dependence beyond normal emotional ties can only be established where the applicant is physically dependent on the sponsor due to the applicant's age, illness or disability. The factors such as mental health issues of the applicant and need for emotional support from the UK sponsor are crucial for succeeding in such applications.

Grant Of Discretionary Leave

As a result of success application, the applicants will be granted Discretionary Leave to Remain (DLR) outside the Rules for 30 months under 10 years Discretionary Leave route.

ILR As Adult Dependent Relative (ADR)

You can apply for ILR as an adult dependent relative (ADR) if you were granted limited leave to remain in the UK as Adult Dependant Relative (ADR) and your sponsor (refugee or person with humanitarian protection leave) has now become settled (obtained ILR) or has applied for ILR.

Eligibility Requirements For ILR As Adult Dependent Relative (ADR)

The applicant should meet the following requirement to qualify for ILR as an Adult Dependent Relative (ADR):

  • The applicant in the UK: The aplicant must be in the UK at the time of ILR application;
  • Valid application: The applicant must have made a valid application for indefinite leave to remain as an adult dependent relative;
  • Suitability requirement: The applicant must not fall for refusal under any of the grounds in Section S-ILR: Suitability-indefinite leave to remain;
  • Immigration status requirement: The applicant must be in the UK with valid leave to remain as an adult dependent relative (except that, where paragraph 39E of these Rules applies, any current period of overstaying will be disregarded).
  • Sponsor's requirement: The applicant’s sponsor must at the date of application be:
    • present and settled in the UK; or
    • in the UK with refugee leave or as a person with humanitarian protection, or in the UK with limited leave under Appendix EU in accordance with paragraph GEN.1.3.(d), and have made an application for indefinite leave to remain.
  • Maintenance and accommodation requirement: The applicant must provide evidence that they can be adequately maintained, accommodated and cared for in the UK by the sponsor without recourse to public funds.
  • Sponsor's undertaking: The applicant must provide an undertaking signed by the sponsor confirming that the applicant will have no recourse to public funds, and that the sponsor will be responsible for their maintenance, accommodation and care, for a period ending 5 years from the date the applicant entered the UK with limited leave as an adult dependent relative.

Our Fixed Fees For Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) Visa Applications

Our fixed fees for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa applications are as given in the fee table below:

Our Service Our Fixed Fees Range
Full service for Entry Clearance for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) to cover all the work until decision by the Entry Clearance Officer (ECO) From £3,000 To £5,000 (no VAT)
Full service for Discretionary Leave to Remain (DLR) from inside the UK to cover our work until decision on your application From £3,000 + VAT To £5,000 + VAT
Full service for ILR as an Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) to cover our work until decision on your application From £1,500 + VAT To £2,500 + VAT

The agreed fixed fee will depend on the complexity of the application and the volume of casework involved in the application. In addition to our fixed fee for the application, the applicant also has to pay the Home office UKVI fees for the application.

Service Options For Your Immigration Application

Our specialist team of immigration solicitors and lawyers offer following service options for your UK visa and immigration application:

Full Service

Our immigration lawyers can provide full service for your immigration application for a fixed fee. Under the full service, our fast track immigration lawyers will carry out all the work on your immigration application until you get a decision on your application through priority or super priority service. Work to be carried out by our fast track immigration lawyers will include the following:

  • Advice on requirements: Our immigration solicitors will advise you on the relevant requirements you meet for your immigration application to succeed;
  • Documentary advice: Our immigration lawyers will prepare and email you a comprehensive list of supporting documents to be submitted in support of your immigration application;
  • Assessing documents: Our immigration lawyers will assess your documents to make sure that all the documents you provide in support of your application are in accordance with the requirement of the immigration rules;
  • Completing the application form: Our immigration lawyers will complete the relevant application form your immigration application;
  • Submitting application through Priority or Super Priority Service: Where possible, our fast track immigration lawyers will submit your online immigration application through priority or super priority service to get faster decision on your immigration application;
  • Booking an appointment with the application centre: After the online submission of your immigration application, our fast track visa solicitors will book your appointment with the application centre for you to enrol your biometrics;
  • Detailed cover letter: Our specialist immigration solicitors will prepare a detailed cover letter in support of the immigration application to explain all the relevant legal requirements and how such requirements have been satisfied by the applicant with the documents being submitted with the application;
  • Uploading documents online: Before the biometrics enrolment date, our immigration lawyers will upload online all the supporting documents to be considered in support of the immigration application;
  • Follow up work: Our immigration lawyers will carry out all the follow up work until decision by the Home Office UKVI on the immigration application.

One-Off Immigration Services

Our specialist immigration lawyers can provide following one-off immigration services for in relation to your UK visa and immigration application:

Remote Legal Services For Your Immigration Matter

Our specialist team of immigration solicitors and lawyers can provide you with expert immigration advice and representations remotely from our offices in London. Using modern technology, our Fast Track Immigration Lawyers can handle your matter remotely without the need for you to visit our offices. Whilst we are more than happy to welcome clients into our offices, if this is their preference, we are proud to be able to offer our legal services remotely to save your time and travel cost.

  • We can provide immigration advice service remotely through Zoom / Skype / Phone / Microsoft Team etc to assess your matter fully and give you appropriate legal advice on your matter;
  • Following initial immigration advice, if you instruct us for your immigration matter, we can send you all relevant documents electronically for you to digitally sign and return the same to us;
  • You can send and receive all documents electronically in PDF format;
  • We will complete your application form and prepare any witness statement (where necessary) by sharing our computer screen with you in a Zoom / Microsoft Team meeting so that you are fully aware of all the information given in the form or statement;
  • We will keep you fully informed on the progress of your matter through active email correspondence.

Why Choose Us For Your Immigration Application?

  • Your immigration application will  be prepared by a specialist immigration solicitor with huge experience of 19 years and specialist knolwedge of immigration laws, requirements, documentary evidence and relevant procedures;
  • Your immigration application will be prepared in shortest possible time under the fast track service;
  • You will get decision on your application faster under the Priority or Super Priority Service;
  • If your application does not succeed for any reasons, our immigration lawyers will challenge the refusal with no additional cost. In the alternative, our immigration lawyers will prepare and submit a fresh application at no extra cost;
  • Our immigration solicitors and lawyers can provide you with expert legal advice and representations remotely from our offices in London. Using modern technology, we can handle your matter remotely without the need for you to visit our offices. Whilst we are more than happy to welcome clients into our offices, if this is their preference, we are proud to be able to offer our legal services remotely.

FAQs - Entry Clearance For Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) Visa

Who can apply for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa UK?

The applicant must be the-

  • parent aged 18 years or over;
  • grandparent;
  • brother or sister aged 18 years or over; or
  • son or daughter aged 18 years or over of a person (“the sponsor”) who is in the UK.

    If the applicant is the sponsor’s parent or grandparent they must not be in a subsisting relationship with a partner unless that partner is also the sponsor’s parent or grandparent and is applying for entry clearance at the same time as the applicant.

    Who can be a sponsor for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa entry clearance?

    The sponsor for the Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa must at the date of application be-

    • aged 18 years or over; and
    • a British Citizen in the UK; or
    • present and settled in the UK; or
    • in the UK with refugee leave or humanitarian protection; or
    • in the UK with limited leave under Appendix EU, in accordance with paragraph GEN.1.3.(d)
    What is long term personal care for the purposes of applying for entry clearance for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa UK?

    As the result of age, illness or disability, the applicant must be incapable of performing everyday tasks for themselves, e.g. washing, dressing and cooking. This may have been arrived at recently – such as the result of a serious accident resulting in long-term incapacity – or it could be the result of deterioration in the applicant’s condition over several years.

    The Home Office UKVI rules also require that the applicant has no access to the required level of care in the country where he/she is living, even with the practical and financial help of the sponsor in the UK. This could be because it is not available and there is no person in that country who can reasonably provide it, or because it is not affordable.

    According to the Home Office, Policy Guidance, if an applicant has more than one close relative in the country where they are living, those relatives may be able to pool resources to provide the required care. The ECO should also bear in mind any relevant cultural factors, such as in countries where women are unlikely to be able to provide support.

    What is the sponsor's undertaking for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa entry clearance?

    If the applicant’s sponsor is a British Citizen or settled in the UK, the applicant must provide an undertaking signed by the sponsor confirming that the applicant will have no recourse to public funds, and that the sponsor will be responsible for their maintenance, accommodation and care, for a period of 5 years from the date the applicant enters the UK if they are granted indefinite leave to enter.

    Do I have to pass the English language and Life in the UK test for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa?

    No, the UK immigration Rules do not require the applicant to meet the English language or Life in the UK test requirement to apply for Adult Dependent Relative (ADR) visa from outside the UK.